According to the media, China has been successful in launching its first X-ray space telescope for studying the black holes, gamma ray bursts, and pulsars. When the project’s lead scientist was asked about this, he revealed that they expect the launch to bring about new breakthroughs in the realm of physics.
The telescope is named as ‘Insight’ – which is aptly named so- because the telescope aims to study the composition of black holes and give an insight into the fundamental matters of space. The telescope is 2.5 tonne Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT) which was released from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center located in the North West of Gobi desert, China.
The telescope was delivered into the Earth’s orbit, somewhere 341 miles above our Earth, by the means of a rocket named Long March 4-B. Associated French Press reveals that the Chinese scientists have stated that the telescope is a means for them to understand the process of evolution of the black holes by observing the magnetic fields along with the inside of the pulsars.
Insight is specially designed for finding the new black holes created by scanning the Milky Way for the X-ray emitting celestial bodies. Zhang Shuangnan claimed that despite the fact that black holes are nearly impossible to detect, scientists can study the emission of X-rays with the emission of matter in the black hole which makes it heat up and gets accelerated.
The telescope is also meant for helping the scientists in their search for the gamma rays bursts that are related to the gravitational waves. It also is meant to study the utilization of pulsars for the navigation of spacecraft.
Zhang states that Insight is better at finding the black holes and the neutron stars emitting X-rays when compared to the space telescopes used by other countries owing to the energy range and detection area which is broader and larger than the others. This makes it easier for the telescope to scan the galaxy.
By diffusing the photons, the designers of Insight have made sure to avoid the issue of overexposure that is caused when a large number of photon particles cause the bright objects to appear blurred with light. Chen Yong, the chief engineer of Insight claimed that their telescope won’t get blinded irrespective of the amount of light.
Beijing is now aiming that by 2018, it is able to send a probe to the dark side of the moons along with putting the astronauts on the moon by 2036.