During the cold war, countries had stocked up nuclear weapons in their inventories to safeguard themselves against any war. But after the war period ended, peace was established. In the present time, with an increase in the rate of terrorism, the world has become increasingly worried about the onset of a nuclear war. There is an inquiry about the possession of nuclear arms by countries in their arsenal.
According to Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, there are nine nations in the world that possess nuclear weapons. There are 16,300 nuclear weapons in whole, possessed by Russia, France, Pakistan, United States, United Kingdom, China, India, North Korea and Israel.
Even though the United States and Russia have considerably reduced their inventories, yet they have possession of above 93% of the total operational nuclear warheads.
WHAT ARE NUCLEAR WEAPONS?
The nuclear weapons are extremely destructive and explosive devices that use nuclear reactions as a source of force. They cause mass destruction. Nothing can survive the effect of a nuclear weapon. There are two types of nuclear arms-
- Fission bomb- these types of weapons derive its energy from a nuclear fission reaction.
- Thermonuclear bomb- these types of weapons derive its energy from nuclear fusion and fission reactions.
WHAT IS NUCLEAR WEAPONS TREATY?
This is a legal treaty that puts a ban on the use of nuclear weapons. It is also known as the Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty. The main aim of the treaty is to make sure that the manufacture of nuclear weapons is stopped altogether to bring peace. The treaty was passed on 7th of July 2017.
This treaty is mainly for the elimination of the nuclear weapons. In 1968, Non-Proliferation Treaty was passed where there was only a partial prohibition on the nuclear weapons. But this treaty calls for total elimination.
China, France, United States, United Kingdom and Russia are the five nuclear states that have signed the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons Treaty.
NUCLEAR WEAPON STOCKS PER COUNTRY
- Russia: 7000
- USA: 6800
- France: 300
- China: 260
- UK: 215
- Pakistan: 130
- India: 120
- Israel: 80
- North Korea: below 15
THE BOTTOM LINE
Nuclear weapons are never good for the state of peace. Every country prepares arms for the war. But the concept of Nuclear Weapon Ban Treaty is eliminating the existence of nuclear weapons altogether so that there can be no war. The treaty is an attempt to increase cooperation and peace in terms of nuclear energy. A total of 191 states have joined the treaty.