BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING is the branch of science that deals with the application of the principles of engineering in the fields of biology and health care. The bioengineers work closely with the doctors, researchers and therapists for developing systems, devices and equipment for solving the clinical problems.
The biomedical engineer makes use of engineering principles along with medical and biological science for designing and creating equipment, computer systems, software and devices for healthcare.
Bioengineers co-ordinate between medicine and engineering to create products for which an in-depth knowledge of living systems and technology is important. They even work in the development or research and in quality assurance.
Some of the life changing technologies developed by biomedical engineers include prosthetics, pacemakers, radiation therapy, laser surgery, dentures etc.
WHAT ARE THE DUTIES OF A BIOMEDICAL ENGINEER?
- To design equipment and devices like machines that can diagnose medical problems, artificial internal organs, replacements for the body parts.
- To provide technical support for the biomedical equipment including the installing, adjustment, maintenance and repair of it.
- To make sure that the biomedical equipment is safe, efficient and effective.
- For training personnel like clinicians about the proper use of the medical equipment.
- To research the engineering aspects of biological systems of humans and animals while working with chemists, medical scientists and life scientists.
- To write technical reports, prepare the procedures; publish the research papers along with making recommendations on the findings of their research.
- The findings are presented to the scientists, clinicians, executives, engineers, other colleagues, hospital management and general public.
The biomedical engineers design the instruments that are used in healthcare; apply knowledge from various other fields and technical sources for developing new procedures and research for solving clinical problems.
SPECIALITY AREAS WITHIN THE FIELD OF BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
- Bioinstrumentation-devices are developed using electronics, measurement principles and computer science for treatment and diagnosis of diseases.
- Biomaterials- this field studies the naturally occurring and even the laboratory designed materials to be used in the medical devices or as implantation materials.
- Biomechanics- it involves studying mechanics for solving medical or biological problems.
- Clinical engineering- it applies medical technology for optimizing the healthcare delivery.
- Systems physiology- it uses the engineering tools for understanding the systems within living organisms and their response to environmental changes.
- Rehabilitation engineering- it studies computer science along with engineering for developing assistive devices for individuals with impairments.