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What are the potential benefits and risks involved in Stem Cell research?

Stem cells are extremely vital for the development of an organism When it comes to stem cell research, it has transformed the medical science.


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IS THE STEM CELL RESEARCH ETHICAL?

Stem cells are extremely vital for the development of an organism When it comes to stem cell research, it has transformed the medical science. Stem cell research work help in laying down the base for future therapeutic advancements and give an insight into disease mechanism. Stem cell research is the need of the hour.

Even though there are multiple benefits of stem cell research, the ethical problem persists with stem cell research. Some people consider destroying blastula as taking the life of an unborn child. However, there is no such case since blastula had never been implanted inside the womb to develop into a foetus.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF STEM CELL RESEARCH

  • Stem cell research can be used for finding a cure for spinal cord injury, diabetes, myocardial infarction and even Parkinson’s disease.
  • Stem cells derived from blood have been known to treat blood-related diseases. It has been known to treat leukaemia patients even.
  • By grafting stem cells, the stem cells can be used for curing skin injuries along with bone and eyes related problems. Different stem cells cater to different body purposes. For example, for treatment of arthritis, autologous chondrocyte implantation is done.
  • Stem cells can be used for replacement of damaged tissues or for repair. This eliminates the need for a surgical procedure. Basically, stem cell therapy is regenerative in nature.

RISKS INVOLVED WITH STEM CELL RESEARCH

  • There are many issues faced when one considers the long-term result of stem cell therapies. This involves survival sustainability, engraftment, and regeneration of transplanted stem cells and their proliferation.
  • There is another cause for concern. The host immune system can reject the donor cells after the transplantation. This can lead to donor cell death which hinders the efficiency of stem cell-based therapies.
  • Along with this, there are toxicity concerns regarding the long-term survival of the received stem cells. There are yet again, varied safety concerns that arise when it comes to transplanting and grafting the stem cells.
  • The donor stem cells might become oncogenic owing to their ability of replication. There can be lethal side effects experienced with this.
  • Along with various ethical and social issues, stem cell research is backed up by poor funding resources.

A proper research work is needed for efficiently using the stem cell-based therapies. Without proper care and safety, there can be lethal consequences of the stem cell therapies.