Stephen William Hawking is one of the most world-renowned modern British physicists. He was born on 8th January, 1942 in Oxford, England, United Kingdom. He is theoretical physicist, cosmologist and also author and Director of Research at Centre for Theoretical Cosmology in the University of Cambridge.
His theories been instrumental in providing insight into the connection between the quantum physics and relativity which includes how the combination of those concepts can be useful in explaining the fundamental questions that are related to the development of the universe as a whole along with formation of black holes.
Not just in the field of physics, he has gained accolades in the entire world as a science communicator. Even though his achievements are impressive on their own, but the fact that he was able to accomplish so much while suffering from a fatal disease, is applaud worthy. He is suffering from a severe debility of ALS i.e. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis also known as the motor disease that has paralyzed him over the years. He now uses a single cheek muscle attached to a device used for speech generating, for communication. But what’s note worthy is the fact that he never gave up. He fought with his own illness and won various achievements and awards.
He has gone through two marriages and has three children in total. His life has been dramatized in the film, “The Theory of Everything”.
FIELDS OF STUDY OF STEPHEN HAWKING
He is most known for his work that is the study of black holes. His major research lies in the areas of theoretical cosmology that focuses on the evolution of the universe, which is governed by the laws of the general relativity. He even went on to write a book titled “A brief history of time” which even remained in the best-seller list of British Sunday Times for a record-breaking 237 weeks.
Amongst his works that he developed, some of them include-
– He proved that the singularities are general features of spacetime.
– He proved mathematically that any information that falls in the black hole gets lost.
– He also demonstrated that the black holes evaporate due to Hawking radiation.
POPULAR PUBLICATIONS BY STEPHEN HAWKING
He has written a lot of textbooks on various subjects. Some of them are-
A Brief History Of Time: From the Bing Bang to Black Holes (1988)
The Universe in a Nutshell (2001)
On the Shoulders of Giants (2002)
A Briefer History of Time (2005)
God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History (2007)
George’s Secret Key to the Universe (2007) (with Lucy Hawking)
George’s Cosmic Treasure Hunt (2009) (with Lucy Hawking)
The Grand Design (2010) (with Leonard Mlodinow)
My Brief History- an autobiography