Gynecology is defined as the branch of medical science which deals with the health and diseases of females. It is a study mainly related to the reproductive systems which include ovaries, vagina, and uterus.
The doctors who take care of the reproductive systems of women are called the gynecologists. Through education and regular checkups, the gynecologists prevent the common health problems and treat the diseases that affect a women’s health. They perform various exams and tests on women’s body to ensure a healthy state.
• Dysmenorrhea : In the absence of any known pelvic disease, the cramping pain that occurs in the lower abdomen during the onset of menstruation is called dysmenorrhea. The symptom of dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation. Dysmenorrhea is further divided into two categories, primary dysmenorrhea, and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is the common pain caused in menstrual cramps whereas the disorder in the reproductive organs of women is known as secondary dysmenorrhea.
• Ovarian Cysts: Ovaries are the important part of a female reproductive system. These are the main source of hormones which help in the development of the female body. They also regulate the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Ovarian Cysts are sac-like, closed structures present in the ovary.
• Endometriosis: Tissues grow in the uterus, but when the tissues start developing in other areas of the body where they should not, then endometriosis is said to have taken place. Endometriosis is usually found in the fallopian tubes, ovaries and on the outer surface of the uterus.
• Other gynecological diseases that gynecologist have to deal with include cancer diseases of the reproductive parts such as cervix, vulva, ovaries etc, fungal and viral infections of the vagina, infertility, premenstrual syndrome, UTI inflammatory disease.
SYMPTOMS OF GYNECOLOGICAL DISEASES:
• Experiencing bleeding between periods or abnormal vaginal bleeding
• Urge to urinate frequently and feeling burning sensation after urination
• Burning, itching, soreness, or redness, or soreness in the vaginal area
• Small lumps or sores in the genital area
• Excessive vaginal discharge with an unusual odor, or color
• Changes in the period cycle – experiencing shorter or longer periods.
PREVENTION TIPS FROM GYNECOLOGY EXPERTS:
• Avoid staying up late at night. Staying up late can cause, imbalance of estrogen and body rhythm disorder which lead to gynecological diseases.
• Pay extra attention to your body and cleaning on menstrual days.
• Women should not wear sweaty and tight clothes for a long time as it causes yeast to grow which can lead to infection.
• Regularly wash underwear by hands; this will prevent bacteria from getting gathered.