It has been more than 27 years after the detection of AIDS in a homosexual man from San Francisco, USA. Ever since then, the disease has spread like wild fire and millions of people have died owing to this. In the developed parts of the world, the rate of HIV infections has managed to get stable but in the developing parts of Europe, Africa etc. the rate of the infection is continuing to rise with every day.
Swaziland is a tiny country in Southern Africa which has managed to create some treatment for the HIV/AIDS which helps to cut down the rate of new infections. The evidence is convincing and the United Kingdom had managed to cut down the rate of new infections by 44% by testing out the treatment.
THE STUDIES AND THE EVIDENCE
Many studies show that in-taking of antiretroviral drugs consistently over time reduces the level of HIV in the blood stream below the detection levels in the tests. This was one factor that made people want to treat the disease for preventive measures. The mathematical survey showed how the suppression of the virus by 73% of the people can basically lower the levels of the virus and the epidemic can be suppressed.
International AIDS Society held an international conference to show how Swaziland has managed to make tremendous progress in suppressing the infection. Swaziland has more than 1.45 million people.
A survey held in 2011 in Swaziland showed how 32% of its people suffered from HIV and only 72,402 people out of them were receiving the ARV treatment. The rate of new infection was 2.5% per year owing to the fact that only 34.8% of the people could suppress the virus.
THE NEW DATA
Of the current status, 1.71,266 people from Swaziland who are HIV infected are able to receive the ARV treatment. The support has been offered by Government’s AIDS relief program (PEPFAR) and the Global Funds for the fight against AIDS. New data showed how 73.1% of the infected people have successfully managed to suppress the virus completely.
The findings call for celebration since this is a new step towards eradicating AIDS. Other countries plan to take Swaziland’s example and maintain investments in the Global Fund. Even though the treatment can’t eliminate HIV completely, it is still a start and a new way of finding acure and a vaccine.