Ever since evolutionary times, humans have been scared of creepy crawlers and the poisons that they contain. When you see something poisonous, there is simply no going back- you either run away or try to fight to save yourself. However, when it comes to science and medicine, the venoms derived from these animals and other natural sources can actually be saved to be used as medical treatments to potentially cure some of the diseases.
There has been proof available for the use of venoms derived from scorpion, snake and bees etc for treatment of cancer. The venom immunotherapy has also been used for treating the allergies caused by insect stings. The researchers have kept their search on for investigating the therapeutic effects of venoms or poisons by a variety of insects and animals. The research showed them that if venom is used in the right way and right proportion, the venom can be used for either treating the disease to save our lives or even kill us.
The scientists believe that the properties of venom are so deadly that it becomes precious for the medicinal field. There are various venom toxins that target specific molecules that need to be targeted for controlling the disease. Venom is not only specific but also spreads quickly in the body and acts fast. The active components of the venom like proteins and peptides work as enzymes and toxins that simply hit target and fit into the socket like a key into lock.
Even though not all venom has been studied, the researchers believe that unlocking their medicinal properties can cure thousands of diseases.
The basic toxic substance of the venoms contains peptides and proteins. Bites by several insects can also cause death which probes problem for the need of medication. With the knowledge of venom composition, antivenoms can be made which can cut down the effect of venom and come handy in treatment of several diseases.
For example, a specific protein found in spider venom can be used for treating muscular dystrophy which allows the disease to slow down in its progression. Another example is of Tunisian vipers which show signs of having anti-tumor properties.
Ancient Rome indicated signs of using venoms for treatment of small pox, fever, leprosy and even healing wound. The use of venom in medicine has been prevalent since ancient times. The scientists today only need to unleash the full potential and discover new medicines.