Robotics is a branch of engineering that deals with the conception, design, manufacture and the operation of robots. This field of science correlates with the other fields of science like electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, and bioengineering etc.
Robotics even uses computer systems for sensory feedback, information processing and for their control. Robots can take many shapes but usually, they are made to look like humans. Such type of robots can imitate humans in walking, cognition, speech, lifting, performing actions etc.
Isaac Asimov, the science fiction author, is often credited for using robotics in a short story that he published in 1940s. Asimov gave three laws of Robotics: 1) Robots must never cause harm to human beings. 2) Robots must obey humans except when it leads to violation of the first rule. 3) Robots must be able to defend themselves without even violating the other two rules.
USES OF ROBOTICS
- Robotics is used to develop machines that substitute a human or lessen their work load
- Robots can be used in any situation and for many purposes, but they are especially used in situations and areas where humans cannot enter
- Robots cater to multiple purposes – domestic, military and even commercial
- Robotics is also used in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) as a helpful aid to teaching
- Robots like HOSPI are being used as courier services in hospitals
- Robots can even serve as waiters, and cook food in homes
PRINCIPLES OF ROBOTICS
- Robots are multi-use tools but they should not be designed for killing or harming humans except in the matter of national security.
- Robots have to be designed and operated in such a way that they don’t violate the fundamental rights and freedoms of a human including the invasion of privacy. They have to make sure that their actions comply with the laws of humans.
- Robots are products and they should be designed through processes which assure their safety and security. (Human safety has to be valued over and above the machines.)
- Robots are the manufactured artifacts and should not be designed in such a way that they become deceptive and exploit the vulnerability of the users. Instead of that, the machine’s nature should be transparent.
- There should be a person who can take the legal responsibility of a robot.