Archaeology is the scientific study of human life by looking at artifacts, at the man-made objects that people who lived long ago have left behind. Paleontologists are not archaeologists; they study fossils. Historians are not archaeologists; the mostly study written records. Archaeologists are the scientists who study artifacts, man-made objects that people have left behind.
a person who studies human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artefacts and other physical remains.