Physicists and astronomers study the ways in which various forms of matter and energy interact. Theoretical physicists and astronomers may study the nature of time or the origin of the universe. Some physicists design and perform experiments with sophisticated equipment such as particle accelerators, electron microscopes, and lasers.
Below the Earth’s surface nearly half-a-kilometre down, Indian physicists have established their own laboratory. Dark matter is responsible for holding the galaxies together. The quest for answers relating to dark matter is the main aim of the laboratory. This is India’s first venture in this field of science.
The Big Bang theory predicts that the early universe was a very hot place and that as it expands, the gas within it cools. Thus the universe should be filled with radiation that is literally the remnant heat left over from the Big Bang, called the “cosmic microwave background”
Every human has always wondered what lies beneath and beyond the sky. One always tends to try and put meaning to the universe that lies around him. And thus, astronomy came into being.